Knowing the pH and nutrient content of your soil is important to successful growing.
Soils & Climate
Soil Texture. This factsheet discusses the four soil texture classifications of sands, silts, loams and clays; how they combine to make textural classifications; how soil texture is determined; and the 5 soil management groups in New York State.
Soil Organic Matter. This factsheet describes types of organic matter in soil; their physical, chemical & biological benefits; farm practices that help maintain or increase soil organic matter levels; and the importance of continued monitoring of soil organic matter content.
The Cornell Soil Health website offers a variety of resources on soil testing and improvement.
Soil Testing. Visit our page on "How to take a soil sample" for testing information and to see what Soil Testing Services are offered by or through Dairy One. If you are planning to stop by the CCE-Livingston office for assistance with your soil sample, it is best to call ahead and confirm that our educator will be in the office.
***For composting information/resources, visit our "Compost Resources" page.
Ithaca Climate Page (Northeast Regional Climate Center website) lists normal temperature and precipitation averages, links to daily and monthly climate updates recorded at sites around Ithaca, and more.
Growing Degree Days (GDD) are a measure of heat accumulation used by horticulturalists to predict the date that a flower will bloom or a crop reach maturity. Statistics for the Northeast are provided on this Cornell Atmospheric Sciences & Turf Team website.
- Visit the Northeast Regional Climate Center website for average last spring frost dates and first fall frost dates.
Hardiness Zone Changes - See how the hardiness zones have changed over the years.
Last updated March 7, 2023