Deer tick size diagram from NOAA.

Deer tick size diagram from NOAA.

Erythema Migrans / Lyme Disease Rash

Avoiding Lyme Disease

The following information taken from the Centers for Disease Control's pages on Lyme Disease:Lyme disease is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi and is transmitted to humans by the bite of infected blacklegged ticks. Typical symptoms include fever, headache, fatigue, and a characteristic skin rash called erythema migrans. If left untreated, infection can spread to joints, the heart, and the nervous system. Lyme disease is diagnosed based on symptoms, physical findings (e.g., rash), and the possibility of exposure to infected ticks; laboratory testing is helpful in the later stages of disease. Most cases of Lyme disease can be treated successfully with a few weeks of antibiotics. Steps to prevent Lyme disease include using insect repellent, removing ticks promptly, landscaping, and integrated pest management. The ticks that transmit Lyme disease can occasionally transmit other tick-borne diseases as well.

Additional Resources

It's Spring–Time to Prevent Lyme Disease, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC). Describes how to prevent tick bites, check yourself for ticks, how to remove a tick, symptoms of Lyme Disease, reducing ticks in your yard and on your animals.

Learn About Lyme Disease, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC). Covers prevention, transmission, symptoms, diagnoses, treatment, statistics, resources, and contacts. The site includes information on How to Correctly Remove a Tick, as well as a link to The Tick Management Handbook (PDF) an 84-page guide for homeowners, pest control operators, and public health officials for the prevention of tick-associated disease, compiled by the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station.

Be Tick Free: A Guide for Preventing Lyme Disease, NYS Dept. of Health (2010). Includes information on the prevalence of Lyme Disease in NYS, tick life cycle, information on removing ticks and creating a tick-free zone around your home, tick repellents, and ticks on pets. 

Insect Repellents: Use and Effectiveness, Environmental Protection Agency, May 27, 2010. This EPA fact sheet includes a tool for identifying a skin-applied repellent that is appropriate for repelling ticks and/or mosquitos, instructions on how to apply, and length of effectiveness.

Integrated Pest Management for the Deer Tick, from Cornell University Insect Diagnostic Laboratory.

Tick Biology for the Homeowner, a 16-page PDF from the Harrington Lab for Vector Biology Research at Cornell University.

Understanding and Managing Ticks – A Guide for Schools, Child Care and Camps, from Cornell University Cooperative Extension and the New York State Integrated Pest Management Program.

Workplace Safety for Lyme Disease, National Institute for Occupational Safety & Health, January 15, 2010. Discusses occupations at risk for contracting Lyme Disease, recommendations for employers, and recommendations for workers.


David Thorp
Senior Agriculture Resource Educator

Last updated November 7, 2017